ID : N-310 Date : 2017/09/15 - 10:34
(Persia digest)- Shahr-e Sūkhté, meaning "the burnt city", is an archaeological site associated with the Jiroft culture, located in Sistan and Baluchistan Province-Iran, on the banks of Helmand River, near the Zahedan-Zabol road. Artifacts recovered from the city demonstrate a peculiar incongruity with nearby civilizations of the time. Archaeological and scientific discoveries have revealed a rectangular structure with square chambers, a corridor, a staircase, and walls as thick as 3 meters.
Covering an area of 151 hectares, Shahr-e Sukhteh was one of the world’s largest cities at the dawn of the urban era. A bronze statue of a woman carrying an urn on the head, discovered in the excavations of the hillocks in this area, is a vestige of the Achaemenid era. Colored earthenware found in Shahr-e-Sookhteh are associated with the 4th, 3rd and 2nd millennia BCE and are similar to the civilizations of Mesopotamia and India.
Paleopathological studies on 40 teeth unearthed in the Burnt City's cemetery indicate that the inhabitants of the city used their teeth as a tool for making baskets and other handmade products.
Shahr-e Sūkhté, which is over 6000 years old, has been known as the most advanced city in the ancient world. It was placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2014.