Sash windows are still a popular part of the Iranian-Islamic architecture produced in a workshop in Tabriz in Azerbaijan Province, northwestern Iran. The word “orsi” for sash windows has entered the Persian language from Russian – “or” meaning slide up and “si” meaning light and fountains which is also used in the dialects of southern Iran.
Haft Howz is near the village of Pirjad in Khorramabad, which is a beautiful area with velvety green and polished rocks. There are many basins along the river's course, so it is called Haft Howz [seven basins].
The hills of Damghan, in Iran’s north central Semnan Province, have come to be known as the Martial hills. Situated to the south of the city, experts in the field consider this the Earth’s most similar place to Mars and an appropriate spot to conduct simulated missions to Mars.
Darya Sar Plain in Tonekabon is one of the most beautiful areas in northern Iran, located in the southern part of Tonekabon, in the area of Do Hezar. The plain, located at more than 2,000 meters above sea level, is enclosed between four mountains. From the southwest, Mount Alamut is the tallest mountain that surrounds this plain. In fact, this plain is a borderland that connects the lush forest cover of northern Iran to the snowline and glacier of Mount Alamut.
The historic Heydarieh mosque of Qazvin is a perfect example of chartaq [four arches], and a noteworthy treasure of the oldest Islamic calligraphy, and its mihrab and decorations are among the finest and most spectacular examples of stucco artwork.
The ancient Ghala Dashi or Kazem Dashi Castle is a spectacular and historic monument in Lake Urmia. It is more like a rocky island, which is located 65 kilometers northeast of Urumia and 1.5 kilometers from the village of Gurchin.
Ali Qapu Palace, or Ali Qapu Mansion, which was also called Dowlatkhaneh-ye Mobarakeh-ye Naqsh-e Jahan, and Dowlatkhaneh Palace during Safavid era, is located on the western side of Naqsh-e Jahan Square, opposite Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque in Isfahan. The palace was constructed between the years 971 and 977 SH, after the transfer of the capital from Qazvin to Isfahan by Shah Abbas I in the late 10th century SH, as the headquarters and dowlatkhaneh [government] of the Safavid kings.
Among the attractions of Qeshm Island is the Portuguese Castle. The castle was built in 1507 on the north side of Qeshm Island by a Portuguese admiral, Afonso de Albuquerque. The Portuguese established a complete dominance over southern Iran by constructing several castles in the ports and southern islands of Iran, and their dominance on this important waterway lasted for 110 years. During this time, they built fortresses and castles, including the castles in Hormuz, Qeshm, and Lark.
As WWII broke out, Russian forces occupied eastern Poland following an agreement with Hitler. Tens of thousands of Polish citizens were sent to forced labor camps in Siberia and Kazakhstan. In 1942, an estimated 115 000 Poles, including men, women, and children, civilians and soldiers, were evacuated, arriving in Bandar Anzali, Iran, on the Caspian coast by boat. Soldiers and volunteer forces joined the resistance in Europe, but thousands of civilians stayed in Iran for the next three years.
Mashteh is a type of woolen cloth which is handwoven by lur women. It is among the oldest handwoven cloths in western Iran. Mashteh is a type of fabric, and in handicraft categorization, it is considered traditional textile. The raw material is spun wool. However, currently available polyester and acrylic threads which are available on the market are used.