(Persia Digest) – Author Sadegh Hedayat was born on 17 February 1903 in Tehran. He has been called the father of the modern novel in Iran. He is famed for his magnum opus “The Blind Owl”.
Hedayat was a pioneer of modern novel writing in Iran and a prominent intellectual. Many critiques recognized “The Blind Owl” as one of the most brilliant and best-read novels of contemporary Iranian literature. Although Hedayat is known for the books he has penned, he was also a translator of works by great authors, such as Jean-Paul Sartre, Franz Kafka, and Anton Chekhov into Persian. The volume of articles written on the works, life and suicide of Hedayat are witness to the depth of his influence on the Iranian intellectual movement.
“The Blind Owl” was initially printed in 1937, when Hedayat lived in Mumbai, as a manuscript in 50 pages. He was unable to publish his book in Iran until the mid-40s, when Reza Shah Pahlavi I was disposed.
The book has been translated into French, English, German, Swedish, Spanish, Hebrew, Czech, Hungarian, Turkish, and Armenian among others. Many critiques place it on the list of top ten surreal novels in the world.
Sadegh Hedayat died on 8 April 1951, following a suicide in Paris. He is buried at the Père Lachaise Cemetery, in lot 85.
He has written over twenty novels and a number of articles. He has also translated a large number of literary books.