(Persia Digest) – Nowruz in Luristan is one of the oldest ceremonies which starts in March with Nowruz Khani [singing Nowruz songs], which promises the coming of the spring.

Nowruz Khans were educated and cultured people who rode their horses in the villages and sang songs about coming of the New Year and did this until the New Year’s Day. Some people gave them a bowl of wheat, money or eggs as gifts.

Perhaps the reason for the existence of Nowruz Khani was the lack of calendars and radio and television in ancient times, and that people did not know exactly when Nowruz began.

Kouse-Savar ritual and the story of Nane-Pire

Kouse-Savar [shark-rider] is a ritual in Luristan about an old woman named Nane-Pire [old woman], who was the reason for the severe cold and deaths in late winter. People rode a man without a beard Nane-Pire in Kharmanja, meaning that Nane-Pire is finished and the winter is over.

Kouse-Savar is a ritual for saying goodbye to winter, which is known in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Silakhor, and Khorramabad, as Sabze-Qaba or Savze-Qaba; this is similar to Kouse-Savar and shows the war between winter and spring.

The day of the dead - last Thursday of the year

In Luristan, 17 March was the day of the dead. On this occasion, people wore their new clothes and cleaned the graves, and they go to the cemetery with Sabzeh [wheat sprouts] and flowers and prepare Halva as charity for the dead, because they believed that when the dead saw the attention paid to them by the survivors, they would offer their blessings to the survivors.

The last Thursday night of the year in Luristan is called Alafe. On this day men and women would go to the cemetery, but women would return from the cemetery earlier than men and start making halva with animal fat, then the men would go to the villagers’ doors in groups and inform the house residents of their arrival by singing songs.

Another of Luristan's customs in Nowruz, which is also found in other cities, is spring cleaning. This is known as "Gardileh" in Luristan. On Haft Sin's table in Luristan, twelve pillars were put as the symbol of 12 months and Sabzeh was placed on the twelve pillars, and then the rest of the Haft Sin was placed next to the Sabzeh.

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