(Persia Digest) – Iran’s former representative at the UN seat in Geneva believes: “Considering Trump’s proven track record in withdrawing from a number of significant international agreements, the US administration will not abide by the ruling of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) to ease sanctions on Iran. This will also have a negative impact on its dealings with North Korea.”
Referring to the 1955 Treaty of Amity signed between the two countries, Iran has filed a complaint against the United States at the ICJ for its unilateral sanctions against Iran. In a preliminary ruling, the ICJ has ordered the US to suspend sanctions on humanitarian grounds for medicine, food and agriculture, and safety equipment for the civil aviation. Iran has also filed a suit at The Hague based on the 1955 Treaty for USD 2BN of its assets blocked in the US. The United States has recently announced that it will terminate the 1955 Treaty of Amity with Iran. How can Iran achieve its rights under these conditions?
Former Iranian representative at the UN in Geneva told Persia Digest in an interview: “The preliminary ruling is a legal order. But its implementation depends on America’s will and whether it decides to abide by its international obligations.”
He added: “Iran has a decree from the highest international legal authority to have sanctions suspended. The UN Security Council is the executive arm of the ICJ. If the US decides to use its right to veto, this will become a precedent for the other permanent members of the UN to veto any rulings issued by the ICJ against them. The international community will then realize that an intergovernmental organization tasked with keeping international peace is no longer effective.”
On the impact of non-compliance with the ruling by the US on the international community, Khorram said: “If the US decides not to abide by the ruling it will prove the legitimacy of Iran’s case and question America’s international stance. If countries want to sign bilateral agreements with the US in future, they will remember how the leaders of this country violated the highest international orders.”
Khorram underlined: “There are those in the US who are unhappy with the current situation, because destroying America’s international reputation will also have a negative impact on its talks with North Korea. If the US ignores the court’s ruling, the North Korean leader will also be worried about the implementation of its accords with the US. It is safe to say that the US is shooting itself in the foot.”
He pointed to Trump’s withdrawal from a number of international agreements over the past two years, adding: “I predict that the US will accept the consequences of ignoring the ICJ ruling. In this case, this country will begin a new chapter with the world whereby if countries saw America as a world leader until now, they will no longer feel this way as Washington continues to abrogate its international obligations. By disrupting the international order, we are moving towards anarchy.”
Commenting on Iran’s grievance over the USD 2BN assets blocked by the US, Khorram said: “If the case was filed prior to the US terminating the 1955 Treaty of Amity, the ICJ ruling will be binding. Given that the termination by the United States will take one year to come into effect, the Treaty is still in force and every order by the tribunal has legal value. If the court rules in favor of Iran and the US ignores it, this will, nevertheless, be recorded on the list of its debts so that when the two sides decide to resolve their differences and normalize relations this file will be reopened."
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