(Persia Digest) – The Dolatabad Garden in the city of Yazd is one of the oldest Iranian gardens which is internationally known and dates back to over 260 years ago. There are grapevines, and cypress and cedar trees in the garden and each spring, you can smell the scent of roses and Mohammadi flowers.
The garden was built in 1160 on the lunar calendar [1746 CE] by Mohammad-Taghi Khan Bafghi titled Khan-e Bozorg (The great ruler) who was the ruler of Yazd in the late Afsharid era.
The garden consisted of four main buildings of which three still remain, including the Hashti (porch), the hall and the entrance portal as well as parts of the winter chambers, but the rest of the buildings and landscape have been destroyed.
The wind catcher is erected over the Hashti and is the main feature of the garden. It is 33.8 meters high and known as the world’s tallest adobe wind catcher.
This is an octagonal, prismatic edifice with a pond underneath it. The shape of the wind catcher helps ease the wind current down the building regardless of what direction it is blowing from. When the wind hits the water beneath the tower, it changes into a cold air current blowing through the building. The combination of wind and water directs the cold air from beneath of the wind catcher towards the Shahneshin (King’s Chamber) and other halls just like modern chillers in the present time.
In 2011, the garden was registered as a World Heritage Site by Unesco.
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