(Persia Digest) – April 21 in the Iranian calendar is named after Saadi. The famous Iranian poet was born in the city of Shiraz in 600 lunar year.
After Saadi finished school, he travelled to foreign lands including India, Rome and Morocco.
Two books of Saadi called Bustan (The Orchard) and Golestan (The Rose Garden) are the outcome of a life time travelling and experiencing the world. The books are precious treasures full of social and moral points which show us a better way to live.
Golestan is a masterpiece in Persian prose and the jewel of all Persian works of the same style. April 21 is the day when Saadi began to write Golestan and that is why the day is called the day of Saadi in the Iranian calendar.
One of the characteristics of Saadi’s works is his intentionally advice giving to the rulers and major figures. No one better than Saadi could ever invite kings and men of power and wealth to be kind to ordinary people and do their duties.
Bustan is a book in verse mostly written in form of Masnavi and Ghazal (love poems).
The secret of Saadi’s popularity is the simplicity and eloquence of his speech.
Translating Saadi’s works
Saadi is the first Iranian poet whose works have been translated into European languages. In 1634, Andre du Ryer translated parts of Golestan into French. In 1651, the book was translated into Latin language and later in 1654, Adam Olearius published a complete translation of bustan and Golestan into Germany.
Translating Saadi’s works into European languages paved the way for the spread of the influence of his literature and ideology in the West.
Jean de La Fontaine is one of the most well-known French fabulists whose works were deeply influenced by Kalila and Demna, Anvar Soheili and Golestan Saadi.
Goethe, the famous German poet, was influenced by Saadi in his works. He adapted some of Saadi’s poems from Bustan and Golestan in his book called West-Oestlicher Divan without even mentioning Saadi’s name.
American poet of 19th century, Ralph Waldo Emerson, had written several articles about Saadi and also wrote some poems inspired by Golestan.
Russian famous poet and writer who was also the founder of modern literature in Russia, Alexander Pushkin started his work Eugene Onegin with quotes from first chapter of Saadi’s Bustan.
Saadi’s works are also used in Indian and Pakistani school books.
Click here for more arts and cultural news.