(Persia Digest) - The Rudkhan Castle, also known as the "Thousand Stairs Castle”, is a historical structure in the northern Guilan Province of Iran, which has been built using millions of bricks. Some experts have estimated the construction date of the Rudkhan Castle to be during the Sassanid era, coinciding with the Arab invasion of Iran, and rebuilt during the Seljuk period.
Rudkhan Castle is an important military fortress heritage in Guilan. This important historical castle, which has long been a center of the Guilan rulers, is one of the largest and most majestic fortresses in the Province and in Iran.
Rudkhan Castle is located at an altitude of about 687 to 778 meters from the open seas. Ghale-Rudkhan River flows on the right hand side of the castle. This mountain castle, registered on the National Heritage List on 21 August 1975, number 1546, is located 23 kilometers southwest of Fouman, in the central part of the Gourabpas Dehestan.
According to experts, the Rudkhan Castle has been restored and used during different periods, changing certain interior plan details.
The Rudkhan Castle was probably built during the Ishaqi dynasty (contemporary with the Seljuks), which ruled the west of Guilan; however, some scholars attribute it to the pre-Islamic era. The oldest document of this castle is a stone inscription which states the rebuilding date to be between 1512 and 1515 CE, coinciding with the rule of Shah Isma'il Safavid. During the Zandieh rule, this building was repaired by Hedayatollah Khan Foumani, ruler of Fouman, and cannons were installed for its defense. This military fortress is also known as the Hesami Castle, the Thousand Stairs Castle, and Sagsegal Castle. The battlement of the castle is 1500 meters long and its height varies between 5 and 12 meters. The battlements and towers of the castle are made with stones, bricks, and lime mortar.
Photos: Amin Rahmani / IRNA
Aydin Sadeghi Moghaddam / Mehr
Alireza Farahani / Reporters Club