(Persia Digest) - The historic Heydarieh mosque of Qazvin is a perfect example of chartaq [four arches], and a noteworthy treasure of the oldest Islamic calligraphy, and its mihrab and decorations are among the finest and most spectacular examples of stucco artwork.

According to its national registration file, the mosque of Heydarieh school of Qazvin is a work of Seljuq and Ilkhanate periods, attributed to the 6th century AH. From the main building of this complex, now only one brick shabestan is left, which the dome and the upper parts of the wall has collapsed and only the restoration of the Pahlavi era has prevented its complete destruction. Inside this shabestan is decorated with patterns, calligraphy, geometric shapes and decorative art. The mihrab of the school is a masterpiece of stucco artwork and colored paintings and is one of the most majestic mihrabs of the Seljuq era, in which the verses of the Holy Quran have been repeated in a blue background with gypsum. There are also inscriptions written in Naskh and Kufic calligraphy around the mihrab and inside the margins. Kufic is a type of Islamic calligraphy, with which the first copies of the Quran were written. With the spread of Naskh, Kufic calligraphy gradually lost its usage from the third century AH onwards, until it was almost forgotten after the fifth century AH, and it was only used in building decorations.

Perhaps the most beautiful Kufic calligraphy found in Iran, are the decorative inscriptions of Heydarieh mosque, which is unique in Islamic history. Moreover, the twisted brickwork, along with the Inscriptions, mogharnas and stucco artwork of this school, have created a distinctive harmony in the creation of decorative arts. This beautiful nationally registered monument used to flourish in the Safavid era, but it was gradually wrecked and abandoned.


Photos: Naser Nili / IRNA

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