(Persia Digest) – The ancient area of Teimareh near Khomein town is located in central Iran. It houses 21 thousand petroglyphs with their amazing secrets at its heart.
The country’s largest stonework art has been created in Teimareh over an area of 40 thousand cubic meters and is known as the “large rock carving”. There are over 150 petroglyphs on this stonework. The most ancient writing discovered in Iran belongs to the petroglyphs of Teimareh. A third of petroglyphs and inscriptions on display at the inscriptions’ museum of Niavaran Palace also come from Teimareh.
Archeologists place the start of stone carvings at the beginning of the Paleolithic period as humans moved from the caves to the plains to mark the beginning of the Neolithic period. As such, these date back to 12 thousand years ago at the most. The height of their creation in various lands is estimated at 5000 to 10000 years ago. But the Teimareh petroglyphs show a different background in that they are 5000 years older than the oldest of such stone carvings in the world. The history of some Teimareh carvings dates back to 17 thousand years ago and the newest ones here date back to the second millennium BC.
Plentiful water, hunting, and the ease of hunting and fishing are some of the factors for the establishment of human habitats in Teimareh.
Primary hunting tools, sharp bamboos, suitable canvas, talented women and men interested in painting and recording their thoughts, the settler friendliness of the area, and its distance away from seismic faults are other reasons for this abundance of rock carvings in Teimareh.
The most carved design here belongs to the antelope which has been engraved in different shapes and forms on the rocky mountains and in the valleys.
The antelope presents an angel in ancient Persian beliefs sent by God to help them in times of trouble. Each ancient tribe recognized the antelope as a symbol of one of the natural elements. For instance, in Lorestan, this was a symbol of the sun, and at times the rain. The second most popular carvings here belong to the human shape in various forms, from the time when man wore no clothes to the time when they are wearing special designs of clothing.
This landscape of stone carvings in Teimareh displays the change in human life over time thousands of years ago. Patterns of domesticating the Greyhound by women to domesticating horses by men are found here. Other figures show man hunting, dancing, praying, with wings dressed from head to toe and wearing modern day space helmets, and the domestication of other animals. Each of these have been created over different periods of time. Palm marks, cup marks, and other symbols of handwriting are some other works that have survived among the petroglyphs of Teimareh in Khomein.
Photos: Mostafa Gholamnejad/Tasnim