(Persia Digest) – The Kabud or Jahan Shah Mosque is one of Tabriz’s historic monuments pertaining to the Kara Koyunlu rule in the 9th century. It is famous as the Turquoise gem of the Islamic World.
An architectural masterpiece of the Islamic era, the Kabud Mosque continues to shine at the center of Tabriz. It is known with different names, including Guy Mosque in Azeri, Shah Jahan, and Mozafarieh Mosque.
Inscriptions remaining behind on this monument date its completion back to 1466 CE. The mosque was destroyed in the 1779 earthquake. The ceiling collapsed entirely, damaging all the walls. But what is left behind is still a masterpiece of fine, varied tilework using all styles of lines. The azure color of the mosaic has made it famous as the “Turquoise of the Islamic world”. Apart from the tilework, its high portal also attracts the attention of sightseers and archaeologists.
The mosque has been built in the Azeri style of architecture and brick is one of the main materials used here. It has a square courtyard with a pond in the middle for wudu. Its shabestan halls are used to house the homeless and for schooling.
The main portal has a mosaic tilework cladding. An inscription in Riqa calligraphy was installed in 1466. Together with the other inscriptions in the portal, this one is also calligraphed by Nematollah Albawab. Its construction was supervised by Ez-e-Din Malek Ghapouchi.
What remains of the portal measures over 8.5 meters and it is entirely cladded with deep blue mosaic tilework. Supporting walls on both sides are covered in flower designs and colorful mosaics. Verses from the Quran have been inscribed on them. Walking through the portal and atrium will take you to the great shabestan hall measuring 16.5 square meters. The southern wing gives access to a small shabestan known as “mausoleum”.
A must-see section of the mosque is its gold and azure ceiling which is unique in its kind.
The building was registered in 1931 as a national heritage of Iran. the Domes of the shabestan were renovated from 1973-1975. In recent years, parts of the building have been restored and the landscaping has been taken care of. Some of the main marble works in the building still need to be repaired. The restorations have been carried out so that what remained from the bricks, tiles, and stones could be salvaged.
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Photos: Massoud Sepehrinia / Vahed Markazi Khabar