(Persia Digest) – “Pir-e Alamdar” tower is known as Iran’s second oldest tower and one of the best styles of mausoleum architecture.

“Pir-e Alamdar” tower is situated at proximity to the Grand Mosque and Fathali Beigui school in Damghan, northern Iran.

It was constructed in 1027 as a circular brickwork masonry with a conical- shaped dome. The dome is 13 meters high and is divided into two parts. The lower part of the tower has simple brickwork. Recent reports have shown that the uniqueness of the edifice pertains to the calligraphy inside the building. In other historic buildings, there are outer calligraphies in color; but, this tower in Damghan is the only historic site where the calligraphies are in dark blue on the inside.

In this circular building, there are three samples of Kufic calligraphy. Research shows that there is no precedent for this in other historic buildings. The inner surfaces of the tower are plastered and the only ornament here is a line of Kufic calligraphy with girih designs in dark blue on a white background, encircling the inner wall with a width of 80 centimeters. It holds 53 Zumar verses. The Pir-e Alamdar tower has been registered as a National Heritage under no 79.

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