(Persia Digest) – Sahoulan is Iran’s second largest aquatic cave displaying an amazing natural landscape in West Azarbaijan Province, northwestern Iran.
Sahoulan cave is 43kms northeast of Mahabad, on the Mahabad-Bukan road in West Azarbaijan. It used to be a Parthians settlement.
In Kurdish, Sahoulan means freezing. Locals also call it “Kuneh Kutar” or pigeon nest due to the large number of nests inside the cave. The internal cave space measures around 600sqm. It is made of limestone. The distance between the surface of the lake and cave ceiling is 50 meters and the water reaches a depth of 32 meters in some places. Research shows that the cave was formed following geological activities in the late Cretaceous period, dating back to 70 million years ago.
The cave was initially explored by French civil engineer, geologist, and archaeologist, Jacques de Morgan. Studies were conducted here again during WWII by a British group. Citing the layers of clay, scientists believe that Sahoulan was inhabited by mankind from the second and first millennium BCE until the Parthian and Islamic periods, and even during some periods in the Middle Ages.
Photos: Reza Adeli
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