(Persia Digest) – Tashmal or Tushmal are the local musicians of the Bakhtiari tribe for whom music and musical instruments are an integral part of their lives.

These old musicians play war instruments and perform in weddings and funerals, as well as simpler events such as circumcision ceremonies.

Thushmal is made of the combination of the words Tush or Tash (light and lighting) and Mal (village) which means village light and it indicates this concept and historical background that wherever there is a musician in the village, there is also happiness and light.

Nowadays, Tushmals are scattered in Iranian cities. A number of Tushmal tribes of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province migrate to Bazoft Village every summer, and as the weather cools down in autumn they move to cities such as Masjed Soleiman, Dezful and the surrounding villages.

Dohol, karnay, and sorna, made by the Tushmals themselves, along with modern instruments such as keyboard, form the musical instruments of these local musicians.

Performance by Tushmals also has its own ritual, part of which is wearing local costumes such as Dabit pants and Chukha.

Photos: Amir Ali Razzaghi

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