The historical uprising of Ashura was launched by the third Shia Imam, Imam Hossein (AS), but the person who provided the primary breeding grounds for that ongoing uprising was actually his sister, Zainab (SA), who shouldered great responsibility in nurturing the uprising.
Mourning rituals of Moharram stem from two origins. One of them is the martyrdom of Imam Hossein (AS) and his disciples in Karbala near the Euphrates, and the other includes rituals that have evolved in Iran as part of the country’s indigenous culture. The first aspect of Karbala rituals is characterized by the following:
In the year 50 AH, Imam Hassan (AS), the first son of Imam Ali (the first Shiite Imam) was martyred. At that time, Muaaviyeh ruled over Muslims forcefully and deceitfully. He knew well that he had gained power through oppression and so was not eligible to rule; therefore, he was constantly afraid of Ali’s (AS) children and followers. Muaaviyeh wanted his drunken son to ascend to the throne after his rule and considered Ali’s children, who were the most eligible to rule over Muslims, as obstacles. Finally, by masterminding a conspiracy, he martyred Imam Hassan (AS).
Each year in the lunar month of Moharram, people of the world witness the glorious mourning of the World Shiites for Imam Hossein (AS) and 72 of his companions, children, relatives and loyal and freedom-fighting disciples in the desert of Karbala, in southern Iraq.
The bodies of 135 holy defense martyrs from eight years of Iraq-Iran war have been returned to Iran after many long years. They have been put the rest in a funeral service attended by large crowds in Tehran.
The Civil Aviation Organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran (CAO.IRI) has responded to warnings by The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States about crossing Iranian airspace, announcing: “The Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) magnified by Western media recently was issued for 2017.”
USA TODAY, Kim Hjelmgaard, writes that Qom is Iran’s eighth-largest city, home to dozens of religious schools, and represents a major pilgrimage destination for Shia faithful from neighboring Iraq and Afghanistan.
Iranians tell USA TODAY reporter, Kim Hjelmgaard, that they want to make sure he gets a good impression of their country, a place that, for all its faults, Iranians still love and say is inaccurately portrayed in Western media.
USA TODAY reporter, Kim Hjelmgaard, writes that Tehran is a city teeming with 12 million people and seemingly more cars. The volume is comparable to Bangkok, Istanbul, Los Angeles and other notoriously congested cities. Here, however, it's far more freewheeling, maniacal, almost like a video game.
An EU spokesperson has pointed to the compact agenda of Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, saying she will probably be unable to fit the anti-Iran summit in Poland in her work schedule.
According to finds by Iranian researchers, water levels in the Caspian Sea have dropped in recent years and the effluent of pollutants and agricultural and urban wastewaters into the Sea has increased its organic load and decreased oxygen levels. This will transform the Caspian Sea in the deeper parts into a dead environment.
Former Iranian Ambassador to China believes: “A turnover of directors and change of regulations in Iran means that Beijing will not make long-term plans to work with Tehran. It is against this backdrop that large state-owned Chinese companies have left Iran during the sanctions period.”
A reformist Iranian political analyst believes: “Tensions are likely to reoccur due to economic problems created by sanctions, but the only way out of the existing crisis and bridging the gap between the people and the government is to accept that the problem exists and make some reforms from inside the system.”
Iran’s Ambassador to Switzerland Mohammad Reza Haji Karim Jabbari on Monday appreciated the Swiss Iranologist Professor Johann Christoph Burgel for his outstanding contributions to the Islamic and Iranian studies as well as his invaluable translations in the field of Persian language and history.
The Iranian foreign minister has condemned the continued detention of an Iranian female journalist in US jails, saying that the US government still violates human rights of black people, reports Mehr News.
Deputy Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi said on Monday that Iran has always been seeking to establish peace and stability in the region, but it will never allow any country to build coalition against its interests in the region or outside.