The discovery of America, Columbus arrived before 1492?


: a cry that crosses the centuries and dreams of man.

about two in the morning

From October 12, 530 years ago, after more than a month of sailing, the Spanish sailor

Rodrigo de Triana


Caravelle Pinta

Finally saw the New World Coast. Columbus ‘stumbles’ in the Americas – a land for him


, in Asia – and meet indigenous peoples for the first time. However, the 1492 voyage would not be Columbus’s first trip to the New World, but only the “official” one.

To shake the belief that

Europe was aware of the existence of the New World long before Columbus’ voyage

had already

A very recent study by Milan State University

unpublished reference found in an unpublished medieval work written by a Dominican friar circa 1340

Galvano Fiama

. In addition to the landing now created for


On the coast of Canada

around the year 1000

. But now comes a new theory put forward by the researcher

Rogerio Marino

who dedicated her decades of life to Christopher Columbus through articles and a dedicated website.

Columbus in America before 1492: outlines in a book

– Columbus got there very easily in America, despite the difficulties of the indirect route. For centuries, wonderful historians have been amazed by how “easy” it is to navigate, unhindered, with calculations of winds and currents so precise that they cannot be “improvised”. A sign that he knows the way, probably because he’s traveled on it before. Interviewed by Osvaldo Baldacci for focus dateMarino reveals unpublished evidence: a book printed in 1507 in Venice, of which there are only 17 copies. In this folder entitled Kronica of the Lives of Popes and Roman EmperorsWe’re talking about Columbus’ voyage to the New Indies. “But this was done in the life of Pope Innocent VIII, while there is no mention of Columbus in the biography of Pope Alexander VI.”

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The Pope who financed the campaign

– The accounts don’t add up, Marino notes. Because Innocent VIII died on July 25, 1492, before the most famous navigator in history set sail from Palos on August 3. America would then be discovered under the pontificate of Alexander VI, born in Rodrigo Borgia. However, this discovery should be expected at least a few months in advance, in light of other evidence. First of all, the tombstone of Innocent VIII, on which we read “Novi orbis sua aevo Inventi gloria”: “In the time of his pontificate, the glory of the discovery of the new world.” “Current history credits Spain, but it was the Italian Pope Innocent VIII who established the capital with Bull Crusade and Genoese and Florence funds to finance the campaign,” Marino says. “Italian discovery regardless of where Columbus came from. It is no coincidence that the first gold of the new continent was found in some Italian churches.”

History “Rewritten”

– But why have we always said and always repeated that America was discovered in 1492? For advertising, it seems. Marino explains that “Pope Alexander VI was a Spaniard and probably snatched the discovery from the Church to give it to Spain.” In the glory and name of the Catholic Kings Isabella and Ferdinando, he “took the task of evangelizing America as well as ruling it and it may no longer be fit for anyone to change its version.”

Three clues make (more than) a clue

There are also two other evidence to support “early” detection. Beginning with the contract that Columbus signed with the Spanish royal family on April 17, 1492, which states that the Genoese had to go to the Indies he “discovered”, with the verb being used heavily in the past tense. If that were not enough, there is also a caption by the historian of the Spanish court, Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo, for some of the first historians of the Indies: “As is known, they were discovered by Don Cristoforo Colombo, the first admiral of the Indies, in the time of the Catholics Don Fernando and Dona Isabella in 1491 “. As always reports focus dateFinally, there is also a third evidence: on the map drawn in 1513 by the Turkish admiral Piri Reis, the coasts of “Antilia”, that is, from the New World discovered by Columbus, the date of the discovery is given in Islamic 890 or 896 (numbers are no longer known). In any case, these dates predate 1492, corresponding to 1485 or 1491 of the Christian calendar.

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The False Myths of Christopher Columbus: From the Flat Earth to the Egg

Most difficult of all: Columbus was the only one who was convinced that the Earth was round against a bunch of flat-earners. Including the scholars of Salamanca, to whom he would have shown the sphericity of the globe, thereby obtaining money from the Spanish kings. Nothing could be more wrong, given that since the dawn of the Middle Ages all educated people were absolutely sure that the Earth was a sphere. To support this fact, watch thousands of illustrations of emperors who are depicted with a globe in one hand, symbolizing their power over the entire world. In fact, the sages of Salamanca hold Colombo because they are concerned about calculations regarding the true distance of a destination, which is judged to be too far away.

Then it is said

“Columbus egg”

When you want to indicate a pledge that is deducted only after someone else completes it. But one can safely say too

Brunelleschi’s egg

. It is said that during a party, a Spaniard told Columbus that if he failed, the Indies would find some subjects of Isabella and Ferdinando. The navigator brought an egg and challenged those present to make it stand up straight: after clumsy and unsuccessful attempts, Columbus took the egg and hit it on the table, breaking one end slightly, and making it stand upright. The episode was first narrated not by a contemporary, but several years later by Girolamo Benzoni in his book New world history (1565). And the exact same episode appears 15 years ago in another book, spirits by Giorgio Vasari, starring another great Italian name: Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446). With the same “stunt” of the egg, the architect responded to the skeptics who rejected his project for the dome of Florence Cathedral.

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