(Persia Digest) - Semnan Citadel Gate in northeastern Iran is one of the most famous monuments and a landmark of the city. With its stunning patterns and images, this structure attracts everyone's attention.
This gate is the only surviving monument of the Semnan Citadel, which was once a major government center in Iran.
The seat of government in Semnan Citadel or Dar-al-hokoumeh of Semnan was a large collection of buildings and structures needed for governing the city. It is assumed from its inscription that the structure was built in 1885 during the reign of Nasser-e-Din Shah of Qajar.
This monument was destroyed during the reign of Reza Shah Pahlavi to make way for the construction of new streets and buildings. The citadel had several gates, but only the northern gate survived. It was registered on the National Heritage List of Iran in 1979.
The gate has two northern and the southern symmetrical façades, with the northern façade being the more attractive one.
What makes the northern façade distinct from the southern one is its tilework. In fact, the minarets and seven-colored tiles have bestowed it a unique charm. The symmetrical, semicircular design of the portal on the northern façade bears a beautiful painting of the battle of Rostam and the White Demon from Ferdowsi’s epic poet, the Shahnameh Book of Kings instead of the Nastaliq calligraphy which is featured on the southern façade.
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