(Persia Digest) - The Sang Shekanan Cave in Jahrom, known as Sang Eshkan among locals, is the largest man-made cave in the Middle East and one of the largest and most beautiful artificial caves in the world.
Sang Eshkan Cave is carved in the northern slopes of Alborz Mountain Chain south of Jahrom and has more than a hundred stone columns and twelve entrances in an area measuring four hectares. The cave was created by the extraction of white limestone and dolomitic stones.
The exact date of the construction and excavation of tunnels in this cave is not determined yet, but most experts believe it dates back to the Safavid era. It is said that during the extraction of stones from this site, several stone breakers were working at the same time, and each of them extracted stones from a different path and entrance. To prevent the roof from collapsing, they left a portion of the cave untouched to act as a retaining column.
The rocks of this cave have been used in various buildings in Shiraz, especially the Atigh Grand Mosque and Namazi Hospital, as well as some of the luxurious houses of Jahrom such as Kuhkan House, Payman House, Khan Mosque and School, and tombs in Jahrom and Shiraz. Also, due to better plasticity, these rocks have been used for decorative purposes such as building façades and portals, lattice windows, courtyard cobblestones and platforms, gravestones, stone inscriptions and sculptures.
Photo: Ali Abak / Fars, Amir Ghayyumi / IRNA
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