The 60 AH uprising of Imam Hossein (AS) against the corrupt and tyrannical rule of Yazid bin Muaaviyeh and the martyrdom of the Imam and his disciples in Karbala have sparked a variety of debates in the course of history. Numerous books have been written on the uprising and its root causes. Over the centuries, the incident has affected people’s lives and become one of their fundamental beliefs and traditions, which adds to its sensitivity.
The historical uprising of Ashura was launched by the third Shia Imam, Imam Hossein (AS), but the person who provided the primary breeding grounds for that ongoing uprising was actually his sister, Zainab (SA), who shouldered great responsibility in nurturing the uprising.
Mourning rituals of Moharram stem from two origins. One of them is the martyrdom of Imam Hossein (AS) and his disciples in Karbala near the Euphrates, and the other includes rituals that have evolved in Iran as part of the country’s indigenous culture. The first aspect of Karbala rituals is characterized by the following:
In the year 50 AH, Imam Hassan (AS), the first son of Imam Ali (the first Shiite Imam) was martyred. At that time, Muaaviyeh ruled over Muslims forcefully and deceitfully. He knew well that he had gained power through oppression and so was not eligible to rule; therefore, he was constantly afraid of Ali’s (AS) children and followers. Muaaviyeh wanted his drunken son to ascend to the throne after his rule and considered Ali’s children, who were the most eligible to rule over Muslims, as obstacles. Finally, by masterminding a conspiracy, he martyred Imam Hassan (AS).
Each year in the lunar month of Moharram, people of the world witness the glorious mourning of the World Shiites for Imam Hossein (AS) and 72 of his companions, children, relatives and loyal and freedom-fighting disciples in the desert of Karbala, in southern Iraq.
The bodies of 135 holy defense martyrs from eight years of Iraq-Iran war have been returned to Iran after many long years. They have been put the rest in a funeral service attended by large crowds in Tehran.
The Civil Aviation Organization of the Islamic Republic of Iran (CAO.IRI) has responded to warnings by The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) of the United States about crossing Iranian airspace, announcing: “The Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) magnified by Western media recently was issued for 2017.”
USA TODAY, Kim Hjelmgaard, writes that Qom is Iran’s eighth-largest city, home to dozens of religious schools, and represents a major pilgrimage destination for Shia faithful from neighboring Iraq and Afghanistan.
Iranians tell USA TODAY reporter, Kim Hjelmgaard, that they want to make sure he gets a good impression of their country, a place that, for all its faults, Iranians still love and say is inaccurately portrayed in Western media.
Rizali Khajavi, known as the devoted farmer to most of us, has been hospitalized for kidney failure.
Azbar-Ali Hajavi, nicknamed Rizali Khajavi, has been in our school books for decades now. He came to be known as the devoted farmer in our elementary literature books throughout Iran.
Jabbar Baghcheban is known as the father of the deaf and hard-of-hearing in Iran. He is the founder of the first school for the deaf in Iran, which he established in the city of Tabriz and called it “Baghche-ye Atfal” [The children’s garden], and thus became known as “Bagcheban” [gardener]. He passed away in 1966.
The young 10-year old Iranian boy, Hossein Atayi Sangrudi from Karaj has already 16 inventions in his portfolio. Six of these are in the process of being registered. His inventions include the VTOL three-modality drones, gunboats, office furniture, miniature sprayer, multipurpose control for smart TVs, and so on.
A university professor in the UK believes: “Iran must have closer ties with Europe for its economic development. But its security can be provided mostly by China and Russia. This requires a little subtlety in the ‘Neither East, Nor West’ slogan.”
Australian cultural attaché and second in rank, Hamish Leslie Reisen, has said that Australians are not very familiar with Iran and its tourist attractions, adding: “Planning cultural programs is one of the best incentives for Australians to travel to Iran; because, the image they have of Iran is impacted by the global news coverage. Good news from Iran will surely attract their attention, especially about cultural links between the two countries.”